In India, we have numerous laws which regulate the labor in the country and ensure to provide high degree of workers protection and manage the rules relating to the same. This blog describes the basic introduction and applicability of two most common and important funds to various organizations in order to ensure proper working of the system. These are Employee State Insurance (ESI) and Employee Provident Fund (EPF) schemes. ESI is a contributory fund whereby the employees in India are benefited through self-financing and healthcare insurance fund contributed by them and their employer. This scheme is administered and regulated as … Read more
The Goods and Service Tax Act was introduced as a destination based tax i.e. the state in which the goods consumed have the right to collect the amount of tax so it becomes critical to decide in which state the goods have been consumed and consequently who should collect the amount of tax. For solving this issue the concept of ‘Place of Supply’ was introduced both for goods and services.
Place of Supply when there is movement of goods
|Supply||Place of Supply|
|Involves movement of goods, whether by the supplier or the recipient or by any other person||Location|
In a fillip to startups, the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) recently amended the Companies (Share Capital and Debentures) Rules, 2014 (SCAD Rules) which are relaxed norms for shares with Differential Voting Rights (DVR) that will help such companies to retain control while raising equity capital. A differential voting right share is one with higher or lower voting rights but the same economic interest as ordinary shares. Shares with higher voting rights have been used by entrepreneurs around the world to retain control of their companies even while selling ordinary equity to investors to raise capital. The MCA move was … Read more
Over the last few years, cyber-crimes have grown in number and in the ways cybercriminals exploit them. Due to this, the need to manage risks has been recognized by organizations and adopted as a crucial part of a good governance best practice. A Risk-Based Internal Audit (RBIA) is focused on the organization’s response to the risks they face in achieving their goals and objectives. An RBIA differs from other types of audits as it is based on the business goals and their associated risks. With this approach, internal auditors gain other responsibilities – now they not only manage the control … Read more
Section 44AB of the Income Tax Act stipulates provisions pertaining to the tax audit under the Income Tax Audit. A tax audit is conducted to ensure that the taxpayer has properly maintained the books of accounts and other records, and they truly reflect the income of the taxpayer. Moreover, it is intended to verify whether the assesse has complied with various requirements like filing of income tax returns, accurate specification of claim and income tax deductions, etc. In short, tax audit is a measure which is initiated to curb fraudulent tax practices. The audited accounts must be reported by a … Read more
Being a destination based, transaction wise tax, Goods and Services Tax (GST) ropes in strict compliance procedures for all the taxpayers or people falling under the gamut. Since every transaction is being recorded and tracked between the source and destination, it is obligatory for the taxpayers to maintain and declare information with utmost accuracy.
To have a crystal clear movement of goods intra-state or inter-state, reduce corruption and efficient tax collection system, GST defines strict penalty rules and offenses guidelines which the taxpayers have to follow. Below listed are the offences and applicable penalties under GST Act:
- A supplier
With the introduction and (Goods and Service tax) GST implementation, the Indian tax structure for goods and services has become much broader. Under GST, multiple taxes are admixed into one. Transition from traditional tax structure to GST needs careful exercise. Hence, it is vital to have rules ensuring smooth transition to GST in place. The 3 types of transitional provisions are:
- Input tax credit (ITC)
- Refunds and arrears
- Other cases : Job work, Input Service Distributor(ISD), Composition scheme
Input tax credit (ITC)
Various provisions are made for the smooth ITC transition under VAT, excise duty or service tax to GST. … Read more
Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman in her maiden budget speech announced some income tax-related changes which will come into effect from September 1, 2019. Cash withdrawals exceeding INR 1 crore in aggregate in a year from finance institutions will attract TDS while in case of property transactions, the definition of immovable property has been broadened to include charges like club membership fee and car parking fee for TDS levy. Also, in another income tax rule change, a higher TDS will be levied if life insurance maturity proceeds received are taxable in your hands. Here is a 5-point explainer of new … Read more
When it comes to filing taxes, it is not only individuals who need to ensure that all the proper procedures are followed and forms are submitted. When a person makes any payment or remit any money to non-resident, the bank will need to check whether the tax was paid or not. Making payments outside India requires certain compliances. One such compliance is to submit Form 15CA and 15CBinstitutions have rules that must be followed, which helps the income tax department to determine the taxable amounts of NRI’s. Foreign remittances have tax implications, which may be missed out inadvertently by taxpayers. … Read more
In order to calculate and discharge a tax liability, it is important to know the date when the tax liability arises i.e. the date on which the charging event has occurred. Point of taxation under GST is the point in time when goods are deemed to have been provided and services are deemed to be rendered. The concept of point of taxation is not new, a similar concept was also there in earlier tax regime. The point of taxation enables a person to determine the tax rate, value and due date for payment of taxes.
Under GST, time of supply … Read more
Over the period of 6 decades, the Income Tax Act of India has undergone various impediments. The judgments of the courts or amendments by parliament has made the Act lengthy and hard to interpret as there was a need to ease up the provisions and make it shorter. It is expected that the government may introduce the country with the newly drafted Direct Tax Code (DTC) drafted by 8 members of the task force .The motive behind drafting the DTC includes simplifying the tax regime and provide relief to domestic and foreign companies. Below mentioned are the changes proposed by … Read more
Since the inception of the Goods and Service Tax in India, GST has been a matter of discussion for every layman and experts in the country. Like every coin has 2 sides, the implementation of GST in the country also has arguably many merits and demerits as compared to the earlier subsumed taxes. Moving on to the inch closer for unifying tax reforms, the holes in the implementation of the act are triggered along with some important observation of Comptroller Auditor General of India (CAG).
Observation of CAG on indirect tax collection
The CAG in the latest reports on indirect … Read more
Search and survey operations are conducted by the Income Tax Department defined as raid, where the department suspects an individual or business for hoarding illegal money. Powers to carry out search under section 132 and survey under section 133A are important tools in the armory of the Income Tax Department for detecting and preventing tax evasion. Though the need to have such tools cannot be grudged, the department has to use it sparingly and in deserving cases and after complying with necessary guidelines and safeguards. A search is violation of personal privacy and rights of a citizen and its use … Read more
India has quickly rolled back an additional levy on foreign funds and announced several measures to boost economic growth. The Finance Minister, Nirmala Sitharaman had proposed increasing the effective tax rate on individuals with taxable annual income of above 20 million rupees by about 3%, and for those earning above 50 million rupees by 7%. The tax proposal of higher surcharge on FPIs, along with a lack of measure to boost the economy in the July budget, led to foreigners withdrawing more than $3 billion from Indian shares, putting pressure on stocks and the rupee. Indian markets went down about … Read more
The Securities Exchange Act 1934 (“Exchange Act” or “Act”) governs the way in which the securities markets in United States and its brokers & dealers operate. Broker-dealers in US are required to meet certain financial responsibilities including maintaining minimum net capital or liquid assets; safeguarding the customer funds and securities; and making and preservation of accurate books and records.
The Act generally defines a “broker” broadly as any person engaged in the business of effecting transactions in securities for the account of others such as investment advisers, financial consultants, placement agents, independent contractors etc. Unlike a broker, who acts as … Read more
Section 8 Companies are the limited companies established under the Companies Act and granted an exclusive license by Government under Section 8 association. It is a non-profit organization acquiring numerous tax benefits which are availed under Section 80G of Income Tax Act, 1961. They delight in minimal stamp duty structure and do not require much share capital. Funding for such organizations comes from subscriptions or donations made to them.
The Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) vide its notification dated 7 June 2019 has amended the Companies Incorporation Rules, 2014 to simplify and fast track the incorporation procedure. This shall be … Read more
The decisions are in line with the government’s latest budget announcements to promote electric vehicles (EVs) and to reduce carbon footprints. In this landmark, the GST council brought down the GST rate on EVs to 5 % from 12 %. The move has come as a shot in the arm for the auto industry which has been pushing for a tax boost to promote the sale of EVs. This aimed at accelerating the adoption of eco- friendly mobility solutions which will be effective from August 1, 2019. Additionally, the tax rate on chargers or charging stations for EVs has been … Read more
Ind AS 12 prescribes accounting treatment for income taxes. The principal issue in accounting for income taxes is how to account for the current and future tax consequences of future recovery of the carrying amount of assets (liabilities) that are recognized in an entity’s balance sheet and transactions and other events of the current period that are recognized in an entity’s financial statements.
Notable changes were made in Ind AS 12 in comparison to AS 22. Considering the time constraint and for ease of understanding it is important to address only those issues which are imperative for the one’s understanding. … Read more
Employee stock option plan (ESOP) refers to the employee benefits scheme under which the employees are allowed to purchase the shares of their company. Most of the Indian and multinational companies use ESOPs as a compensation tool. The company encourages the employees to acquire firm ownership by offering the shares at a below-market rate in order to increase their involvement in the scheme. In many cases, the companies in India also offer the stocks as remuneration up to a specific percentage to employees. The compelling reasons for companies to implement ESOPs include wealth creators for its employees and retention. It … Read more
Central Government has inserted a new section 112A under Income Tax Act, 1961. The aim behind this section is to impose tax implications on the gains arising on account of transfer of equity share, units of equity oriented funds and units of the business trust. Before Assessment Year 2018-2019, long-term capital gain (LTCG) tax on transfer of equity share, units of equity oriented funds and units of business trust was exempted as per provisions of section 10 (38).
Below mentioned is the applicability for long term capital gains under section 112A of Income Tax Act 1961:
- Section 112A shall