Tag Archives: Chartered accountant firm

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Power of attorney

What Is Power Of Attorney?

A Power of Attorney is a legal document by which one person gives the right to perform or powers of transacting in matters relating to property, banking, legal and judicial proceedings, tax payments, etc, to another person due to certain reasons like being out of country, or getting old, or not able to look after one’s duties in those matters etc.

Principal/Grantor/Donor- The person who grants the power to the other person to act on his behalf is termed the grantor or principal or donor.

Attorney/Agent/Donee- The person to whom the power is granted is … Read more

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Types of Cost Accounting

Cost accounting involves the techniques for:

1. determining the costs of products, processes, projects, etc. in order to report the correct amounts on the financial statements, and
2. assisting management in making decisions and in the planning and control of an organization.
For example, cost accounting is used to compute the unit cost of a manufacturer’s products in order to report the cost of inventory on its balance sheet and the cost of goods sold on its income statement. This is achieved with techniques such as the allocation of manufacturing overhead costs and through the use of process costing, operations … Read more

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Types of Accounting

Accounting is a vast and dynamic profession and is constantly adapting itself to the specific and varying needs of its users. Over the past few decades, accountancy has branched out into different types of accounting to cater for the diversity of needs.

Financial Accounting, or financial reporting, is the process of producing information for external use usually in the form of financial statements. Financial statements reflect an entity’s past performance and current position based on a set of standards and guidelines. GAAP refers to the standard framework of guideline for financial accounting used in any given jurisdiction. This generally … Read more

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Payroll processing and calculation

Payroll processing consist of calculation of payments to employees for their work in the company – whether it is based on time or productivity, calculation of benefits, and statutory deductions. Payroll needs to be processed by each company periodically. It may be processed weekly, bimonthly, monthly or daily .
Payroll calculation is a complicated process that varies from company to company. Each company may have its own payroll structure consisting of various payroll components that may be unique to that company only. In addition, many location specific laws such as labor welfare act, Payment of salary and wages act, and … Read more

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Need of business valuation

There are many reasons to have an up-to-date business valuation. You may need debt or equity financing for expansion or due to cash flow problems. Potential financiers or investors will want to see that the business has sufficient worth. You may be adding shareholders (or one or more shareholders may wish a buyout). In this case, share value will need to be determined.
How much your business is worth depends on many factors, from the current state of the economy through your business’s balance sheet. If for example, similar businesses in your area have recently sold, the value of … Read more

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What is Bookkeeping ?

If you’re running a business, it doesn’t matter whether you’re an independent contractor or a growing company, managing accounts payable is a key part of your everyday business administration. Accounts payable is the process of tracking money owed by your business to suppliers. As your business grows, so does the complexity of your accounts payable process.

The term bookkeeping means different things to different people:

  • Some people think that bookkeeping is the same as accounting. They assume that keeping a company’s books and preparing its financial statements and tax reports are all part of bookkeeping.
  • Others see bookkeeping as
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Financial Planning process

Financial Planning is the process of estimating the capital required and determining it’s competition. It is the process of framing financial policies in relation to procurement, investment and administration of funds of a company.

Capital requirements  will depend upon factors like cost of current and fixed assets, promotional expenses and long- range planning. Capital requirements have to be looked with both aspects: short- term and long- term requirements. The capital structure is the composition of capital, i.e., the relative kind and proportion of capital required in the business. This includes decisions of debt- equity ratio- both short-term and long- term. … Read more

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Things to consider before company formation

Before you begin to set up your company you need to decide what your business will be about. Market research is essential, to know whether your business idea is viable and whether you can make it a success. You can get this information by setting up focus groups and surveys, as well as by analysing data online or pay professionals to do this for you.

Especially important when it comes to gaining finance for your company your business plan is also a great way of analysing your company’s success.

Things to include in your  business  plan :

  •      Where you are
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